With Carnotaurus featuring so prominently in the recent Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom trailer, it seems apropos to review the science on this genuinely bizarre dinosaur. Buckle up: this one’s gonna get weird.

Sources :

Novas, F. E., & Coria, R. A. (1990). Carnotaurus sastrei Bonaparte, the Horned, Lightly Built Carnosaur from the Middle Cretaceous of Patagonia. Contributions in Science. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 416, 1-42.

Mazzetta, G. V., Cisilino, A. P., Blanco, R. E., & Calvo, N. (2009). Cranial Mechanics and Functional Interpretation of the Horned Carnivorous Dinosaur Carnotaurus sastrei. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 29(3), 822-830.

Méndez, A. H. (2012). The Cervical Vertebrae of the Late Cretaceous Abelisaurid Dinosaur Carnotaurus sastrei. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 59(3), 569-579.

Ruiz, J., Torices, A., Serrano, H., & López, V. (2011). The Hand Structure of Carnotaurus sastrei (Theropoda, Abelisauridae): Implications for Hand Diversity and Evolution in Abelisaurids. Palaeontology, 54(6), 1271-1277.

Persons IV, W. S., & Currie, P. J. (2011). Dinosaur Speed Demon: the Caudal Musculature of Carnotaurus sastrei and Implications for the Evolution of South American Abelisaurids. PloS One, 6(10), e25763.